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Acronyms

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A  B  C  D  E  F  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z

A

A&G administrative and general expense; also G&A
AC alternating current
ACC air cooled condenser
ACCCE American Coalition for Clean Coal Electricity; formerly CEED/ABEC
ACE area control error
ACE American Coalition for Ethanol
ACEEE American Council for an Energy Efficient Economy
ACRE Action Committee for Rural Electrification (NRECA)
AEA Atomic Energy Act
AEE Association of Energy Engineers
AEIC Association of Edison Illuminating Companies
AFC automatic frequency control
AFUDC allowance for funds used during construction
AM/FM/GIS automated mapping/facilities management/geographic information system
AMR automatic meter reading
ANSI American National Standards Institute
APA Alaska Power Administration
APPA American Public Power Association
AQCS Air Quality Control System
AREA Arrowhead Regional Emission Abatement Plan
ARTO Alliance RTO
ASD adjustable speed drive
ASHRAE American Society of Heating, Refrigeration, & Air-Conditioning Engineers
ASME American Society of Mechanical Engineers
ASTM American Society for Testing & Materials
ATC available transmission transfer capability
AVS Antelope Valley Station

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B

BACT Best Available Control Technology
BANANA build absolutely nothing anywhere near anything
BART Best Available Retrofit Technology
BC Bank for Cooperatives
BEPC Basin Electric Power Cooperative, Bismarck, ND
Bcf one billion cubic feet
BHP Black Hills Power
BIL basic lightning impulse insulation level
BNSF Burlington Northern Santa Fe Railway 
BPA Bonneville Power Administration
BSC  Bismarck State College 
BSL basic switching impluse insulation level
BTU British Thermal Unit
BWR boiling water nuclear reactor

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C

C&RE Conservation & Renewable Energy Program (Western)
CAA Clean Air Act
CAISO California ISO
CAIR Clean Air Interstate Rule
CAMR Clean Air Mercury Rule
CAMU Colorado Association of Municipal Utilities
CBM coalbed methane 
CBPC Corn Belt Power Cooperative, IA
CC combined cycle power plant
CCPC  Canadian Clean Power Coalition
CCPI Clean Coal Power Initiative
CDD/HDD cooling degree day/heating degree day
CEA Canadian Electrical Association
CEED Center for Energy & Economic Development; changed to American Coalition for Clean Coal Electricity (ACCCE) in 2008
CEM continuous stack emission monitoring (EPA)
CEPS Clean Energy Portfolio Standards
CFB circulating fluidized bed
CFC National Rural Utilities Cooperative Finance Corporation
CIGRE International Conference on Large High Voltage Electric Systems
CMEPC Central Montana Electric Power Cooperative, MT
CMRTO Crescent Moon Regional Transmission Organization (2000)
COE Army Corps of Engineers
COOP cooperative utility
COP coefficient of performance; efficiency
COU consumer-owned utility
CP Cooperative Power, MN (merged to form GRE)
CPSS Center for Power System Studies (SDSU)
CREA Colorado Rural Electric Association
CREB Clean Renewable Energy Bond
CREDA Colorado River Energy Distributors Association
CRSP Colorado River Storage Project Management Center
CSR Customer Service Region (Western)
CSU Colorado Springs Utilities
CT current transformer; combustion turbine
CTG combustion turbine generator
CURE Consumers United for Rail Equity
CUS Common Use System
CWIP construction work in progress

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D

DC direct current
DCC Dakota Coal Company
DEC diversified energy company
DEED Demonstration of Energy Efficient Developments (APPA)
DFS Dry Fork Station 
DG distributed or dispersed generation
DGC Dakota Gasification Company
DISCO electric distribution company
DM&E  Dakota, Minnesota & Eastern Railroad 
DOE Department of Energy (1977)
DSM demand-side management
DSTAR Desert Star RTO

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E

EA Environmental Assessment (federal)
ECA electrical cost adjustment
ECAR East Central Reliability Coordination (RRC)
ECE Electric Council for the Economy
ECPA Electric Consumers Protection Act (1986)
EEI Edison Electric Institute (IOUs)
EER energy efficiency ratio
EERC Energy and Environmental Research Center
EGA Electric Generation Association
EHV extra high voltage
EIA Energy Information Administration
EIC Electric Information Council
EIS Environmental Impact Statement
ELCON Electric Consumers Resource Council
EMF electric and magnetic fields
EMS energy management system
EPA Environmental Protection Agency
EPAct Energy Policy Act (2005)
EPAMP Energy Planning and Management Program (Western)
EPRI Electric Power Research Institute
ERCOT Electric Reliability Council of Texas (RRC)
ERDA Energy Research and Development Administration
EREPC East River Electric Power Cooperative, SD
ESA Energy Storage Association
ESCO energy service company
EUI electric utility industry
EVAA Electric Vehicle Association of the Americas
EWG exempt wholesale generator (EPAct)

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F

FCA Flood Control Act (1944)
FCC Federal Communications Commission
FCCG Fuel Cell Commercializaton Group
FERC Federal Energy Regulatory Commission
FFB Federal Financing Bank
FGD flue gas desulfurization
FOA fan/oil/air cooled
FPA Federal Power Act (1935)
FPPA Fort Peck Project Act (1938)
FRA Federal Railroad Administration
FRCC Florida Reliability Coordinating Council (RRC)
FREIC Federated Rural Electric Insurance Corporation
FRPC Front Range Power Company
FTE full time equivalent personnel (federal)
FWPA Federal Water Power Act (1920)

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G

G&T generation and transmission utility
GAO Government Accountability Office
GCC Global Climate Coalition
GENCO electric generation company
GFCI ground-fault circuit interrupter
GFRTO GridFlorida RTO (Florida Transco)
GLECA Great Lakes Electric Consumers Association
GOTRAC  Growth Opportunities Through Rail Access Coalition 
GPS global positioning system
GPSP Great Plains Synfuels Plant (Synfuels Plant)
GRE Great River Energy, MN (merger of CP & UPA)
GSRTO GridSouth RTO
GT gas turbine
GW gigawatt (1,000,000,000 watts)
GWh gigawatt-hour

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H

HCPD Heartland Consumers Power District, SD
HV high voltage
HZ Hertz (cycles per second)

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I

IADG Iowa Area Development Group
IAEC Iowa Association of Electric Cooperatives
IAMU Iowa Association of Municipal Utilities
ICE Informed Citizens for the Environment
ICC Interstate Commerce Commission
ICPA Intermountain Consumer Power Association
IDR Issuer Default Rating
IEEE Institute of Electrical & Electronic Engineers
IEG Iowa Environmental Group
IESNA Illuminating Engineering Society of North America
IGCC integrated gasification combined cycle
IGFC integrated gasification fuel cell
IGSHPA International Ground Source Heat Pump Association
IMG Iowa Marketing Group
IMO Independent Electric Market Organization of Ontario
IOS integrated operations services
IOU investor-owned utility
IPCC International Panel on Climate Change
IPP Inland Power Pool
IPP independent power producer (PURPA)
IRP integrated resources planning
IS Integrated System
ISC Industrial Siting Commission 
ISO independent transmission system operator
ISO MOU ISO Memorandum of Understanding (PJM, NYISO, ISO NE, & IL)
ISO NE USI New England
ISUB Iowa State Utilities Board
ITA independent transmission agent; independent tariff administration; integrated transmission agreement
ITC independent transmission company
ITC investment tax credit
IUC integrated utility company

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J

JAA joint action agency
JOA joint operating agreement

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K

KV kilovolt (1,000 volts)
KVA kilovolt-amperes
KVAR kilovar
KW kilowatt (1,000 watts)
KWH kilowatt-hour (energy)

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L

LAER lowest achievable air emissions rate
LCP least cost planning
LDC local distribution company
LEC  Lignite Energy Council 
LES Lincoln Electric System, NE
LFC load frequency control
LMR locational marginal pricing
LNG liquefied natural gas
LOLP loss of load probability
LOPC L&O Power Cooperative, IA
LOS  Leland Olds Station
LPPC Large Public Power Council
LRS  Laramie River Station
LTC load tap changer

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M

M/KWH mills/kilowatt hour (1/10 cent/KWH)
MAAC Mid-Atlantic Area Council (see PJM)
MAIN Mid-America Interconnected Network
MAPP Mid-Continent Area Power Pool
MBMECA Missouri Basin Municipal Electric Cooperative Association, IA
MBPP Missouri Basin Power Project (1971)
MBSG Missouri Basin Systems Group (merged w/MECA in 1999)
Mcf one thousand cubic feet
MDU Montana-Dakota Utilities, ND
MEAN Municipal Energy Agency of Nebraska, NE
MEC Mid-American Energy Company
MECA Montana Electric Cooperatives Association
MECA Mid-West Electric Consumers Association
MEEE Minnesotans for an Energy Efficient Economy
MHD magnetohydrodynamic
MHEB Manitoba Hydroelectric Board
MHEB Manitoba Hydro Electric Board
MIP Member Investment Program
MISO Midwest Independent System Operator
MMU Marshall Municipal Utilities, MN
MMUA Minnesota Municipal Utilities Association
MOM Missouri River Master Water Control (operating) Manual (COE)
MPC Minnkota Power Cooperative, MN
MPCA Minnesota Pollution Control Agency
MPUC Minnesota Public Utilities Commission
MR&I municipal, rural and industrial water
MRBA Missouri River Basin Association
MREA Minnesota Rural Electric Association
MRES Missouri River Energy Services, SD (formerly MBMPA)
MRO Midwest Reliability Organization
MTBE methyl tertiary butyl ether
MUNI municipal utility
MVA megavolt-amperes (power)
MW megawatt (1,000,000 watts)
MWH megawatt-hour (1,000 KHW)

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N

NAEHPA North American Electric Heat Pump Alliance
NAERO North American Electric Reliability Organization (successor to NERC)
NARUC National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners
NCEA North Central Electric Association
NCREC North Central Research Extension Center
NDAMPS North Dakota Association of Municipal Power Systems
NDAREC North Dakota Association of Rural Electric Cooperatives
NDC National Development Council
NDMPA North Dakota Municipal Power Agency, ND
NDPSC North Dakota Public Service Commission
NEC National Electric Code (ANSI/NFPA)
NEF National Energy Foundation
NEGTC Nebraska Electric G&T Cooperative, NE
NEMA National Electric Manufacturers Association
NERC North American Electric Reliability Council (to be replaced by NAERO)
NERTO New England RTO
NESARC National Endangered Species Act Reform Coalition
NESC National Electric Safety Code (ANSI/IEEE)
NETL National Energy Technology Laboratory
NFEC National Food and Energy Council
NIEP National Independent Energy Producers
NIMBY not in my back yard
NIPCO Northwest Iowa Power Cooperative, IA
NMPP Nebraska Municipal Power Pool
NOPR Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (FERC)
NOV Notice of Violation
NPA Nebraska Power Association
NPCC Northeast Power Coordinating Council (RRC)
NPCC National Preference Customer Committee
NPPD Nebraska Public Power District, NE
NPRB Nebraska Power Review Board
NPSC Nebraska Public Service Commission
NRC Nuclear Regulatory Commission
NREA Nebraska Rural Electric Association
NRECA National Rural Electric Cooperative Association
NREL National Renewable Energy Laboratory (1992)
NREVAC Non-Road Elect Vehicles Applications Consortium
NRHN National Rural Health Network
NRTC National Rural Telephone Cooperative
NSPS new source performance standards (EPA)
NSR New Source Review
NTCA National Telephone Cooperative Association
NUG non-utility generator
NUTSEA National Utility Training & Safety Education Association
NWPPA Northwest Public Power Association
NWPS Northwestern Public Service, SD
NYPP New York Power Pool

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O

O&M operations and maintenance
OA oil/air cooled
OASIS open access sure-time transmission information system; RIN
OCR  oil circuit recloser 
OFA over-fired air
OM&R operations, maintenance and replacement
OMB Office of Management and Budget
OPPD Omaha Public Power District, NE
OSHA Occupational Safety and Health Administration
OTP Otter Tail Power Company

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P

PAC powdered activated carbon
PC subcritical pulverized coal
PCA power cost adjustment
PCB polychlorinated biphenyl
PCCA Power & Communication Contractors Association
PCOR  Plains CO2 Reduction Partnership 
PE licensed professional engineer
PFBC pressurized fluidized-bed combustion
PFN Public Finance Network
PJM Pennsylvania/Jersey/Maryland Interconnection
PMA power marketing administration (eg. Western)
PMI Power Marketing Initiative (Western)
POOLCO alternative power pool
POWERPAC APPA Political Action Committee
PPD/PUD public power district/public utility district
PPDC Public Power Development Corporation
PRB Powder River Basin
PRECorp Powder River Energy Corporation
PRPA Platt River Power Authority
PRS annual power repayment study (Western)
PRWCMT Platte River Whooping Crane Maintenance Trust
PSC public service commission
PSCO Public Service Company of Colorado
PSD Prevention of Significant Deterioration
PS&I preliminary survey and investigation costs
PT potential (voltage) transformer
PUC public utility commission
PUCSC Public Utilities Commission of the State of CO
PUHCA Public Utilities Holding Company Act (1935)
PURPA Public Utilities Regulatory Policies Act (1978)
PWR pressurized water nuclear reactor

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Q

QA/QC quality assurance/quality control
QF qualifying facility (PURPA)

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R

RA Reclamation Act (1902)
RATA Relative Accuracy Testing Audit
RDF refuse-derived fuel
REA Rural Electrification Administration (1935 - 1994)
REA Rural Electrification Act (1936)
REC rural electric cooperative
REMC rural electric membership corporation
REPC Rushmore Electric Power Cooperative, SD
RER Rural Electric Research (NRECA)
RESMA Rural Electric Statewide Manager Association
RIN real-time information network; OASIS
RMCMI Rocky Mountain Coal Mining Institute 
RMEL Rocky Mountain Electrical League
RMGC Rocky Mountain Generation Cooperation
RMPP Rocky Mountain Power Pool
RMRG Rocky Mountain Reserve Group
RMW Rushmore west
ROI  return on investment 
RPA Reclamation Project Act (1939)
RPS Renewable Portfolio Standards
RRC regional reliability council (eg. MAPP)
RTE regional transmission entity
RTG regional transmission group
RTO regional transmission organization
RTOW RTO West
RTU remote terminal unit
RUS Rural Utilities Service (1994)

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S

SCADA supervisory control and data acquisition
SCPC supercritical pulverized coal
SDMEA South Dakota Municipal Electric Association
SDMPA South Dakota Municipal Power Agency, SD
SDPUC South Dakota Public Utilities Commission
SDREA South Dakota Rural Electric Association
SEA sorbent enhancement additives
SEIA Solar Energy Industries Association
SEPA Southeastern Power Administration
SERC Southeastern Electric Reliability Council (RRC)
SIP State Implementation Plan
SMMPA Southern Minnestoa Municipal Power Agency, MN
SMS  Spirit Mound Station
SNG synthetic natural gas
SOC  soil organic carbon 
SPC Saskatchewan Power Corporation
SPEC Sunflower Electric Power Cooperative, KS
SPLAN strategic planning
SPP Southwest Power Pool (RRC)
STB Surface Transportation Board
SVC static var control
SWPA Southwestern Power Administration
SWPRA Southwestern Power Resources Association

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T

TAPS Transmission Access Policy Study Group
T&D transmission and distribution
TDU transmission dependent utility
TEC The Electrification Council
TIA Territorial Integrity Act
TMDL Total Maximum Daily Load
TPM third party marketer
TRANSCO transmission company
TSGTA Tri-State Generation & Transmission Association
TSM Transmission Systems Maintenance
TSNW Tri-State Nebraska west
TTC total transmission transfer capability
TTWWAD that's the way we've always done it
TVA Tennessee Valley Authority

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U

UARG Utility Air Regulatory Group
UBECA United BioEnergy Commercialization Association
UBG Utility Battery Group
UCETF Urban Consortium Energy Task Force
UDC utility distribution company
UHV ultra-high voltage
UMGTEC Upper Missouri G&T Electric Cooperative, MT
UP Utility Plus, MN
UPA United Power Association, MN (merged to form GRE)
UPC utility parent company
UPS  uninterrupted power supply 
UPVG Utility Photovoltaic Group
URRA Utility Renewable Resources Association
USABC US Advanced Battery Consortium
USBR US Bureau of Reclamation (1902); also BOR
USCEA US Council for Energy Awareness
USCPC ultra-supercritical pulverized coal
USDA US Department of Agriculture
USEA US Energy Association
UST underground storage tank
USWAG Utility Solid Waste Activities Group
UTC Utility Telecommunications Council
UWAG Utility Water Act Group
UWIG Utility Wind Interest Group

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V

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W

WACM Western Area Colorado Missouri Control Area
WAFB Warren Air Force Base
WALC Western Area Lower Colorado
WAPA Western Area Power Administration, CO
WFA Western Fuels Association
WIA Wyoming Infrastructure Authority
WMMPA Western Minnesota Municipal Power Agency, MN
WMPA Wyoming Municipal Power Agency WY
WPEC West Plains Electric Cooperative
WPP Western Power Producers
WPSC Wyoming Public Service Commission
WQCC Water Quality Control Commission
WREA Wyoming Rural Electric Association
WSCC Western Systems Coordinating Council
WSPC Western States Power Corporation
WSWPCC Western States Water & Power Consumers Conference

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X

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Y

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Z

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